Below is a partial list of research publications and literature relating to kink and health.



Barker, M., Iantaffi, A., & Gupta, C. (2007). Kinky clients, kinky counselling? The challenges and potentials of BDSM. In L. Moon (Ed.), Feeling Queer or Queer Feelings: Radical Approaches to Counselling Sex, Sexualities and Genders (pp. 106–124). London, England: Routledge.


Connolly, P. (2006). Psychological functioning of bondage/domination/sado-masochism (BDSM) practitioners. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 18(1), 79-120.


Cross, P. A. & Matheson, K. (2006). Understanding sadomasochism: an empirical examination of four perspectives. Journal of Homosexuality, 50(2-3), 133-166.


Dancer, P. L., Kleinplatz, P. J., & Moser, C. (2006). 24/7 SM slavery. Journal of Homosexuality, 50, 81-101.


Durex. (2005). Durex 2005 Global Sex Survey. Retrieved from


Janus, S. S. & Janus, C. L. (1993). The Janus report on sexual behavior. Oxford, England: John Wiley & Sons.

Kleinplatz, P. J. (2006). Learning from extraordinary lovers: Lessons from the edge. Journal of Homosexuality, 50, 325-348.


Kleinplatz, P. J. & Moser, C. (2006). Sadomasochism: Powerful pleasures. New York, NY: Harrington Park Press.

Moser, C. & Levitt, E. E. (1987). An exploratory-descriptive study of a sadomasochistically oriented sample. The Journal of Sex Research, 23(3), 322-337.


Nordling, N., Sandnabba, N. K., Santtila, P., & Alison, L. (2006). Differences and similarities between gay and straight individuals involved in the sadomasochistic subculture. Journal of Homosexuality, 50(2-3), 41-57.


Ortmann, D. & Sprott, R. A. (2012). Sexual outsiders: Understanding BDSM sexualities and communities. New York City: Rowman and Littlefield.


Richters, J., Grulich, A. E., de Visser, R. O., Smith, A. M., & Rissel, C. E. (2003). Sex in Australia: autoerotic, esoteric and other sexual practices engaged in by a representative sample of adults. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 27(2), 180-190.


Richters, J., de Visser, R, Rissel, C, Grulich, A, Smith, A. M. A. (2008). Demographic and psychosocial features of participants in bondage and discipline, “sadomasochism” or dominance and submission (BDSM): Data from a national survey. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 5, 1660-1668.


Sagarin, B., Cutler, B., Cutler, N., Lawler-Sagarin, K., & Mantuszewich, L. (2009). Hormonal changes and couple bonding in consensual sadomasochistic activity. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 186-200.


Sandnabba, N. K., Santtila, P., Alison, L., & Nordling, N. (2002). Demographics, sexual behaviour, family

background and abuse experiences of practitioners of sadomasochistic sex: a review of recent research. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 17, 39-55. doi: 10.1080/14681990220108018


Weinberg, T. S. (2006). Sadomasochism and the social sciences: a review of the sociological and social psychological literature. Journal of Homosexuality, 50(2-3), 17-40.


Wismeijer, A. A. J. and M. A. L. M. van Assen (2013). "Psychological Characteristics of BDSM Practitioners." J Sex Med 10(8): 1943-1952.


Wiseman, J. (1996). SM101: A realistic introduction. 2nd edition. San Francisco, CA: Greenery Press

Wismeijer, A. a J., & Van Assen, M. a L. M. (2013). Psychological Characteristics of BDSM Practitioners. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 1–10. doi:10.1111/jsm.12192


Yost, M. R. (2010). Development and validation of the Attitudes about Sadomasochism Scale. Journal of Sex Research, 47(1), 79-91.


updated 10/15